Home Health Blood Cancer: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

Blood Cancer: Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

by Ameli
Blood Cancer

People who have exhibited symptoms such as rapid weight loss and bruises all over the body must consult an oncologist. The symptoms correlate with blood cancer. An early diagnosis help minimize the chances of correlated complications, such as compromised CNS, infertility, and Tumor lysis syndrome. The specialist will conduct various tests to determine the extent of damage to treat accordingly.

Blood cancer is also known as leukemia. It affects the production and functioning of blood cells. Thus, the person suffers from swollen lymph nodes and pain in the bones. Individuals above sixty are at a higher risk of suffering from blood cancer. The treatment helps manage the pain and symptoms. The symptoms of blood cancer include:

● The patient can feel swollen lymph nodes. The person can feel the swelling under the armpits and behind the neck.

●  The person experiences severe pain in the bones, which affects the movement.

●  The patient experiences night sweats daily.

●  The person remains fatigued and inactive, due to unbearable pain.

●  The patient loses bodyweight without dieting and physical exertion.

●  The individuals can notice red spots all over the body.

●  The person can notice bruising on the body.

●  The patient suffers from frequent infections and correlated problems.

●  The patient suffers from recurrent and persistent episodes of fever and chills.

Causes and Risk Factors Associated with Blood Cancer

The causes and risk factors are:

●  Individuals with blood relatives diagnosed with leukemia are at a higher risk of suffering from blood cancer.

●  The mutation in the DNA can cause leukemia.

●  The chromosome translocation influences the activation of oncogenes. It can lead to the progression of the disease; hence, the person suffers from the symptoms.

●  Environmental factors can cause the individual to suffer from blood cancer. Exposure to radiation and harsh chemical can lead to leukemia.

Complication Correlated to Blood Cancers

The complications associated with blood cancer are:

●  A person loses weight. It can lead to multiple health problems, such as the formation of gallstones.

●  The patient may become anemic.

●  It leads to changes in heart rhythm and pregnancy issues.

●  Leukemia can lead to Tumor lysis syndrome

●  It can also lead to autoimmune disorders that can be life-threatening.

●  Women with blood cancer are at a higher risk of infertility.

●  Teenagers may have slow bone growth due to the disease.

●  Blood cancer can cause a hindrance in the functioning of the CNS.

●  The treatment can cause the person to suffer from multiple side effects and anxiety.

Tests to Diagnose Blood Cancer

The tests that assist in diagnosing blood cancer are:

●  The complete blood tests help check the white blood cells and platelets. The abnormality in the levels indicates that the person may be suffering from an illness, such as leukemia.

●  The bone marrow biopsy helps evaluate the severity and stage of cancer. Additionally, it allows checking the abnormality that indicates that the individual may be suffering from leukemia.

Effective Treatment Options for Blood Cancer

The medications that are proven beneficial include:

●  Chemotherapy helps kill the leukemia cells. The combination is based on the type and stage of cancer.

●  Monoclonal antibodies help the immune system to detect and destroy cancer cells.

The procedure and therapy that has been proven effective in treating leukemia are:

●  Stem cell transplantation is a procedure in which the bone marrow is replaced. The healthy bone marrow is either extracted from the other parts of the body or provided by a donor.

●  Radiation therapy helps in reducing the growth of leukemia cells.

People diagnosed with blood cancer must consult an oncologist in Islamabad. The specialist will provide complete guidance regarding the latest treatment options for cancer patients. The treatments allow the person to manage the symptoms and function adequately in personal and professional life. Also, it will help the patient enhance their physical and psychological health.

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